Definition of Mendel’s Law Of Segregation
Mendel’s law of segregation is stated as that when the two members of a pair of alleles get separated during the process of gamete formation, then as a result of it, each of the gamete formed contains only one member of every pair of genes. Mendel experimented on garden peas and deduced this inheritance principle. This law describes that the zygote formed during fertilization by the combination of maternal and parental gametes contains two copies of each gene.
Mendel did not have any knowledge of chromosomes at that time but these prepositions were validated after their discovery. Moreover, it was explained that the heterozygous individuals which have a dominant trait in their phenotype tend to the genetic carriers of the recessive trait.