Definition of Michael Reaction
The Michael reaction also known as Michael addition is nucleophilic addition. In this type of addiction, the carbanion or any other nucleophile (nucleus loving, electron-donating) reacts with an α, β unsaturated carbonyl compound which constitutes an electron-withdrawing group. In the formation of carbon-carbon bonds, this type of reaction proves to be a very useful method.
One of the examples of Michael reactions is the reaction taking place between diethyl malonate and diethyl fumarate in which the former one acts as Michael donor and the latter one acts as an acceptor. Another example of it is the reaction between mesityl oxide and diethyl malonate etc.