Urban ecology is a recent field of concern and is defined as the study of the relationship of the living organism with each other as well as with their surrounding which is an urban environment. An urban environment is defined as an environment where there is a large number of commercial and residential buildings, and paved concrete surfaces are present.
The primary objective of urban ecology is to create an equilibrium between human culture and the natural environment. This study is of utmost importance as more than half of the population of the world has made urban areas their habitat. It has been estimated that there would be a need to expand the urban areas as about two-third of the population of the world will be living in them within the period of the next forty years.
Predation by one flour beetle species on another can be used as
In chapter 14 we have seen how a herbivorous stream insect controls
How was the amount of food that Gause (1934) provided
How are manipulation of host behavior by spiny-headed worms and
Predation is one of the processes by which one organism exploits another
Ecologists are now challenged to study global ecology. The apparent role
In his experiments on competition between T. confusum and T.
Discuss how mathematical theory, laboratory models, and field experiments have
Explain the roles of food and predators in producing cycles of abundance
What evidence is there that variation in atmospheric CO 2 concentration is