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Question: Charles Edward Company established a subsidiary in


Charles Edward Company established a subsidiary in a foreign country on January 1, 2020, by investing FC 3,200,000 when the exchange rate was $0.50/FC. Charles Edward negotiated a bank loan of FC 3,000,000 on January 5, 2020, and purchased plant and equipment in the amount of FC 6,000,000 on January 8, 2020. It depreciated plant and equipment on a straight-line basis over a 10-year useful life. It purchased its beginning inventory of FC 1,000,000 on January 10, 2020, and acquired additional inventory of FC 4,000,000 at three points in time during the year at an average exchange rate of $0.43/FC. It uses the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method to determine cost of goods sold. Additional exchange rates per FC 1 during the year 2020 follow:



Charles Edward Company established a subsidiary in a foreign country on January -1

The foreign subsidiary’s income statement for 2020 and balance sheet at December 31, 2020, follow:



Charles Edward Company established a subsidiary in a foreign country on January -2

As the controller for Charles Edward Company, you have evaluated the characteristics of the foreign subsidiary to determine that the FC is the subsidiary’s functional currency.
Required
a. Use Excel to translate the foreign subsidiary’s FC financial statements into U.S. dollars at December 31, 2020, in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Insert a row in the spreadsheet after retained earnings and before total liabilities and stockholders’ equity for the cumulative translation adjustment. Calculate the translation adjustment separately to verify the amount obtained as a balancing figure in the trans- lation worksheet.
b. Use Excel to remeasure the foreign subsidiary’s FC financial statements in U.S. dollars at December 31, 2020, assuming that the U.S. dollar is the subsidiary’s functional currency. Insert a row in the spreadsheet after depreciation expense and before income before taxes for the remeasurement gain (loss).
c. Prepare a report for James Benjamin, CEO of Charles Edward, summarizing the differences that will be reported in the company’s 2020 consolidated financial statements because the FC, rather than the
U.S. dollar, is the foreign subsidiary’s functional currency. In your report, discuss the relationship between the current ratio, the debt-to-equity ratio, and profit margin calculated from the FC financial statements and from the translated U.S. dollar financial statements. Also discuss the meaning of the translated U.S. dollar amounts for inventory and for fixed assets.

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