Contrast the cash-basis method and the accrual method of accounting for warranty costs.
> McCormick Corporation issued a 4-year, $40,000, 5% note to Greenbush Company on January 1, 2014, and received a computer that normally sells for $31,495. The note requires annual interest payments each December 31. The market rate of interest for a note
> Samson Corporation issued a 4-year, $75,000, zero-interest-bearing note to Brown Company on January 1, 2014, and received cash of $47,664. The implicit interest rate is 12%. Prepare Samson’s journal entries for (a) The January 1 issuance and (b) The De
> Matt Ryan Corporation is interested in building its own soda can manufacturing plant adjacent to its existing plant in Partyville, Kansas. The objective would be to ensure a steady supply of cans at a stable price and to minimize transportation costs. Ho
> What are the general rules for measuring and recognizing gain or loss by a debt extinguishment with modification?
> Teton Corporation issued $600,000 of 7% bonds on November 1, 2014, for $644,636. The bonds were dated November 1, 2014, and mature in 10 years, with interest payable each May 1 and November 1.Teton uses the effective-interest method with an effective rat
> Under what conditions a provision should be recorded?
> On January 1, 2014, Ellen Greene Company makes the two following acquisitions. 1. Purchases land having a fair value of $200,000 by issuing a 5-year, zero-interest-bearing promissory note in the face amount of $337,012. 2. Purchases equipment by issu
> Assume the bonds in BE14-6 were issued for $644,636 and the effective-interest rate is 6%. Prepare the company’s journal entries for (a) The January 1 issuance, (b) The July 1 interest payment, and (c) The December 31 adjusting entry.
> Under what conditions should a contingent liability be recorded?
> On January 1, 2014, JWS Corporation issued $600,000 of 7% bonds, due in 10 years. The bonds were issued for $559,224, and pay interest each July 1 and January 1. JWS uses the effective-interest method. Prepare the company’s journal entries for (
> Devers Corporation issued $400,000 of 6% bonds on May 1, 2014. The bonds were dated January 1, 2014, and mature January 1, 2017, with interest payable July 1 and January 1. The bonds were issued at face value plus accrued interest. Prepare Devers’s journ
> Distinguish between the following values relative to bonds payable: (a) Maturity value. (b) Face value. (c) Market (fair) value. (d) Par value.
> Assume the bonds in BE14-2 were issued at 103%. Prepare the journal entries for (a) January 1, (b) July 1, and (c) December 31. Assume The Colson Company records straight-line amortization semiannually.
> Grant Company has had a record-breaking year in terms of growth in sales and profitability. However, market research indicates that it will experience operating losses in two of its major businesses next year. The controller has proposed that the company
> Assume the bonds in BE14-2 were issued at 98%. Prepare the journal entries for (a) January 1, (b) July1, and (c) December 31. Assume The Colson Company records straight-line amortization semiannually.
> What are some forms of off-balance-sheet financing?
> The Colson Company issued $300,000 of 10% bonds on January 1, 2014. The bonds are due January 1, 2020, with interest payable each July 1 and January 1. The bonds are issued at face value. Prepare Colson’s journalentries for (a) The January issuance, (b
> Whiteside Corporation issues $500,000 of 9% bonds, due in 10 years, with interest payable semi annually. At the time of issue, the market rate for such bonds is 10%. Compute the issue price of the bonds.
> What is the required method of amortizing discount and premium on bonds payable? Explain the procedures.
> Distinguish between a determinable current liability and a contingent liability. Give two examples of each type.
> Linda Day George Company had bonds outstanding with a maturity value of $300,000. On April 30, 2014, when these bonds had an unamortized discount of $10,000, they were called in at 104. To pay for these bonds, George had issued other bonds a month earl
> Under what circumstances would a transaction be recorded as a troubled-debt restructuring by only one of the two parties to the transaction?
> What is meant by “accounting symmetry” between the entries recorded by the debtor and creditor in a troubled debt restructuring involving a modification of terms? In what ways is the accounting for troubled-debt restructurings non-symmetrical?
> What are the general rules for measuring and recognizing gain or loss by both the debtor and the creditor in a troubled debt restructuring involving a modification of terms?
> On February 1, 2015, one of the huge storage tanks of Viking Manufacturing Company exploded. Windows in houses and other buildings within a one-mile radius of the explosion were severely damaged, and a number of people were injured. As of February 15,
> Presented below is a note disclosure for Matsui Corporation. Litigation and Environmental: The Company has been notified, or is a named or a potentially responsible party in a number of governmental (federal, state and local) and private actions assoc
> On June 30, 2006, County Company issued 12% bonds with a par value of $800,000 due in 20 years. They were issued at 98 and were callable at 104 at any date after June 30, 2014. Because of lower interest rates and a significant change in the company&rsq
> Sycamore Candy Company offers an MP3 download (seven-single medley) as a premium for every five candy bar wrappers presented by customers together with $2.50. The candy bars are sold by the company to distributors for 30 cents each. The purchase price
> Donald Lennon is the president, founder, and majority owner of Wichita Medical Corporation, an emerging medical technology products company. Wichita is in dire need of additional capital to keep operating and to bring several promising products to fina
> What is off-balance-sheet financing? Why might a company be interested in using off-balance-sheet financing?
> Pierre Company has a 12% note payable with a carrying value of $20,000. Pierre applies the fair value option to this note. Given an increase in market interest rates, the fair value of the note is $22,600. Prepare the entry to record the fair value optio
> What is the fair value option? Briefly describe the controversy of applying the fair value option to financial liabilities.
> Differentiate between a fixed-rate mortgage and a variable-rate mortgage.
> (a) From what sources might a corporation obtain funds through long-term debt? (b) What is a bond indenture? What does it contain? (c) What is a mortgage?
> What evidence is necessary to demonstrate the ability to consummate the refinancing of short-term debt?
> How are the terms “probable,” “reasonably possible,” and “remote” related to contingent liabilities?
> Schmitt Company must make computations and adjusting entries for the following independent situations at December 31, 2015. 1. Its line of amplifiers carries a 3-year warranty against defects. On the basis of past experience the estimated warranty cos
> Under what conditions must an employer accrue a liability for the cost of compensated absences?
> How are gains and losses from extinguishment of a debt classified in the income statement? What disclosures are required of such transactions?
> Kobayashi Corporation reports in the current liability section of its statement of financial position at December 31, 2014 (its year-end), short-term obligations of $15,000,000, which includes the current portion of 12% long-term debt in the amount of
> The following situations relate to Bolivia Company. 1. Bolivia provides a warranty with all its products it sells. It estimates that it will sell 1,000,000 units of its product for the year ended December 31, 2014, and that its total revenue for the p
> Presented below are two different situations related to Mckee Corporation’s debt obligations. Mckee’s next financial reporting date is December 31, 2014. The financial statements are authorized for issuance on March 1, 2015. 1. Mckee has a
> Karen Austin Inc. has issued three types of debt on January 1, 2014, the start of the company’s fiscal year. (a) $10 million, 10-year, 15% unsecured bonds, interest payable quarterly. Bonds were priced to yield 12%. (b) $25 million par of 10-ye
> What is an onerous contract? Give two examples of an onerous contract.
> Below is a payroll sheet for Otis Import Company for the month of September 2014. The company is allowed a 1% unemployment compensation rate by the state; the federal unemployment tax rate is 0.8% and the maximum for both is $7,000. Assume a 10% federa
> Cedarville Company pays its office employee payroll weekly. Below is a partial list of employees and their payroll data for August. Because August is their vacation period, vacation pay is also listed. Assume that the federal income tax withheld i
> On January 1, 2014, Nichols Company issued for $1,085,800 its 20-year, 11% bonds that have a maturity value of $1,000,000 and pay interest semiannually on January 1 and July 1. Bond issue costs were not material in amount. Below are three presentations
> Rodriguez Corporation includes the following items in its liabilities at December 31, 2014. 1. Notes payable, $25,000,000, due June 30, 2015. 2. Deposits from customers on equipment ordered by them from Rodriguez, $6,250,000. 3. Salaries and wages p
> The financial statements of Marks and Spencer plc (M&S) are available at the book’s companion website or can be accessed at http://annualreport.marksandspencer.com/_assets/downloads/Marksand-Spencer-Annual-report-and-financial-statements-201
> Wie Company has been operating for just 2 years, producing specialty golf equipment for women golfers. To date, the company has been able to finance its successful operations with investments from its principal owner, Michelle Wie, and cash flows from
> On January 1, 2014, Aumont Company sold 12% bonds having a maturity value of $500,000 for $537,907.37, which provides the bondholders with a 10% yield. The bonds are dated January 1, 2014, and mature January 1, 2019, with interest payable December 31 o
> Assume the same information as in IFRS14-5, except that the bonds were issued at 84.95 to yield 12%. Prepare the journal entries to record (a) The issuance of the bonds, (b) The payment of interest and related amortization on July 1, 2014, and (c) The
> Foreman Company issued $800,000 of 10%, 20-year bonds on January 1, 2014, at 119.792 to yield 8%. Interest is payable semiannually on July 1 and January 1. Prepare the journal entries to record (a) The issuance of the bonds, (b) The payment of interest
> Assume the bonds in IFRS14-3 were issued for $644,636 and the effective-interest rate is 6%. Prepare the company’s journal entries for (a) The January 1 issuance, (b) The July 1 interest payment, and (c) The December 31 adjusting entry.
> Strickland Company owes $200,000 plus $18,000 of accrued interest to Moran State Bank. The debt is a 10-year, 10% note. During 2014, Strickland’s business deteriorated due to a faltering regional economy. On December 31, 2014, Moran State Bank ag
> At December 31, 2014, Redmond Company has outstanding three long-term debt issues. The first is a $2,000,000 note payable which matures June 30, 2017. The second is a $6,000,000 bond issue which matures September 30, 2018. The third is a $12,500,000 si
> Fallen Company commonly issues long-term notes payable to its various lenders. Fallen has had a pretty good credit rating such that its effective borrowing rate is quite low (less than 8% on an annual basis). Fallen has elected to use the fair value op
> Zopf Company sells its bonds at a premium and applies the effective-interest method in amortizing the premium. Will the annual interest expense increase or decrease over the life of the bonds? Explain.
> On January 1, 2014, Margaret Avery Co. borrowed and received $400,000 from a major customer evidenced by a zero-interest-bearing note due in 3 years. As consideration for the zero-interest-bearing feature, Avery agrees to supply the customer’s in
> What are the two methods of amortizing discount and premium on bonds payable? Explain each.
> Presented below are three independent situations. (a) CeCe Winans Corporation incurred the following costs in connection with the issuance of bonds: (1) Printing and engraving costs, $12,000; (2) legal fees, $49,000; and (3) commissions paid to underwrit
> Assume the same information as E14-6. In E14-6 Devon Harris Company sells 10% bonds having a maturity value of $2,000,000 for $1,855,816. The bonds are dated January 1, 2014, and mature January 1, 2019. Interest is payable annually on January 1. I
> On January 1, 2014, JWS Corporation issued $600,000 of 7% bonds, due in 10 years. The bonds were issued for $559,224, and pay interest each July 1 and January 1. Prepare the company’s journal entries for (a) The January 1 issuance, (b) The July 1 inter
> Devon Harris Company sells 10% bonds having a maturity value of $2,000,000 for $1,855,816. The bonds are dated January 1, 2014, and mature January 1, 2019. Interest is payable annually on January 1. Instructions Set up a schedule of interest expense
> Assume the same information as in E14-4, except that Celine Dion Company uses the effective-interest method of amortization for bond premium or discount. In E14-4 Celine Dion Company issued $600,000 of 10%, 20-year bonds on January 1, 2014, at 102. I
> Celine Dion Company issued $600,000 of 10%, 20-year bonds on January 1, 2014, at 102. Interest is payable semiannually on July 1 and January 1. Dion Company uses the straight-line method of amortization for bond premium or discount. Instructions Prep
> The Dotson Company, owner of Bleacher Mall, charges Rich Clothing Store a rental fee of $600 per month plus 5% of yearly profits over $500,000. Matt Rich, the owner of the store, directs his accountant, Ron Hamilton, to increase the estimate of bad deb
> Presented below are two independent situations. 1. On January 1, 2014, Simon Company issued $200,000 of 9%, 10-year bonds at par. Interest is payable quarterly on April 1, July 1, October 1, and January 1. 2. On June 1, 2014, Garfunkel Company issued
> The following items are found in the financial statements. (a) Discount on bonds payable. (b) Interest expense (credit balance). (c) Unamortized bond issue costs. (d) Gain on repurchase of debt. (e) Mortgage payable (payable in equal amounts over
> Presented below are various account balances of K.D. Lang Inc. (a) Unamortized premium on bonds payable, of which $3,000 will be amortized during the next year. (b) Bank loans payable of a winery, due March 10, 2018. (The product requires aging for 5
> Why would a company wish to reduce its bond indebtedness before its bonds reach maturity? Indicate how this can be done and the correct accounting treatment for such a transaction.
> Shonen Knife Corporation has elected to use the fair value option for one of its notes payable. Thenote was issued at an effective rate of 11% and has a carrying value of $16,000. At year-end, Shonen Knife’s borrowing rate has declined; the fair
> Shlee Corporation issued a 4-year, $60,000, zero-interest-bearing note to Garcia Company on January 1, 2014, and received cash of $60,000. In addition, Shlee agreed to sell merchandise to Garcia at an amount less than regular selling price over the 4-yea
> Presented below are two independent situations. (a) On January 1, 2014, Robin Wright Inc. purchased land that had an assessed value of $350,000 at the time of purchase. A $550,000, zero-interest-bearing note due January 1, 2017, was given in exchange. Th
> On June 30, 2014, Mischa Auer Company issued $4,000,000 face value of 13%, 20-year bonds at $4,300,920, a yield of 12%. Auer uses the effective-interest method to amortize bond premium or discount. The bonds pay semiannual interest on June 30 and Decem
> How is the present value of a non-interest-bearing note computed?
> Crocker Corp. owes D. Yaeger Corp. a 10-year, 10% note in the amount of $330,000 plus $33,000 of accrued interest. The note is due today, December 31, 2014. Because Crocker Corp. is in financial trouble, D. Yaeger Corp. agrees to forgive the accrued in
> Halvor Corporation is having financial difficulty and therefore has asked Frontenac National Bank to restructure its $5 million note outstanding. The present note has 3 years remaining and pays a current rate of interest of 10%. The present market rate
> Distinguish between a current liability, such as accounts payable, and a provision.
> Daniel Perkins is the sole shareholder of Perkins Inc., which is currently under protection of the U.S. bankruptcy court. As a “debtor in possession,” he has negotiated the following revised loan agreement with United Bank. Perkins Inc.&rsq
> What is the “call” feature of a bond issue? How does the call feature affect the amortization of bond premium or discount?
> Samantha Cordelia, an intermediate accounting student, is having difficulty amortizing bond premiums and discounts using the effective-interest method. Furthermore, she cannot understand why GAAP requires that this method be used instead of the straight-
> Presented on the next page are four independent situations. (a) On March 1, 2015, Wilke Co. issued at 103 plus accrued interest $4,000,000, 9% bonds. The bonds are dated January 1, 2015, and pay interest semiannually on July 1 and January 1. In additi
> Sabonis Cosmetics Co. purchased machinery on December 31, 2013, paying $50,000 down and agreeing to pay the balance in four equal installments of $40,000 payable each December 31. An assumed interest of 8% is implicit in the purchase price. Instructio
> On December 31, 2014, Faital Company acquired a computer from Plato Corporation by issuing a $600,000 zero-interest-bearing note, payable in full on December 31, 2018. Faital Company’s credit rating permits it to borrow funds from its several lin
> On April 1, 2014, Seminole Company sold 15,000 of its 11%, 15-year, $1,000 face value bonds at 97. Interest payment dates are April 1 and October 1, and the company uses the straight-line method of bond discount amortization. On March 1, 2015, Seminole
> Presented below are selected transactions on the books of Simonson Corporation. May 1, 2014 Bonds payable with a par value of $900,000, which are dated January 1, 2014, are sold at 106 plus accrued interest. They are coupon bonds, bear interest at 12%
> In each of the following independent cases the company closes its books on December 31. 1. Sanford Co. sells $500,000 of 10% bonds on March 1, 2014. The bonds pay interest on September 1 and March 1. The due date of the bonds is September 1, 2017. The
> Holiday Company issued its 9%, 25-year mortgage bonds in the principal amount of $3,000,000 on January 2, 2000, at a discount of $150,000, which it proceeded to amortize by charges to expense over the life of the issue on a straight-line basis. The ind
> How does unearned revenue arise? Why can it be classified properly as a current liability? Give several examples of business activities that result in unearned revenues.
> Good-Deal Inc. developed a new sales gimmick to help sell its inventory of new automobiles. Because many new car buyers need financing, Good-Deal offered a low down payment and low car payments for the first year after purchase. It believes that this p
> Venezuela Co. is building a new hockey arena at a cost of $2,500,000. It received a down payment of $500,000 from local businesses to support the project, and now needs to borrow $2,000,000 to complete the project. It therefore decides to issue $2,000,
> Will the amortization of Discount on Bonds Payable increase or decrease Bond Interest Expense? Explain.
> The following amortization and interest schedule reflects the issuance of 10-year bonds by Capulet Corporation on January 1, 2008, and the subsequent interest payments and charges. The company’s year-end is December 31, and financial statements a
> Vargo Corp. owes $270,000 to First Trust. The debt is a 10-year, 12% note due December 31, 2014. Because Vargo Corp. is in financial trouble, First Trust agrees to extend the maturity date to December 31, 2016, reduce the principal to $220,000, and red
> Gottlieb Co. owes $199,800 to Ceballos Inc. The debt is a 10-year, 11% note. Because Gottlieb Co. is in financial trouble, Ceballos Inc. agrees to accept some property and cancel the entire debt. The property has a book value of $90,000 and a fair valu
> Using the same information as in E14-22 and E14-24, answer the following questions related to American Bank (creditor). In E14-22 and E14-24 On December 31, 2014, the American Bank enters into a debt restructuring agreement with Barkley Company, whic
> Use the same information as in E14-22 above except that American Bank reduced the principal to $1,900,000 rather than $2,400,000. On January 1, 2018, Barkley pays $1,900,000 in cash to American Bank for the principal. In E14-22 On December 31, 2014,
> Using the same information as in E14-22, answer the following questions related to American Bank (creditor). In E14-22 On December 31, 2014, the American Bank enters into a debt restructuring agreement with Barkley Company, which is now experiencing
> On December 31, 2014, the American Bank enters into a debt restructuring agreement with Barkley Company, which is now experiencing financial trouble. The bank agrees to restructure a 12%, issued at par, $3,000,000 note receivable by the following modif