Ninecent Corporation has a target capital structure of 70 percent common stock, 5 percent preferred stock, and 25 percent debt. Its cost of equity is 11 percent, the cost of preferred stock is 5 percent, and the pretax cost of debt is 6 percent. The relevant tax rate is 23 percent. a. What is the company’s WACC? b. The company president has approached you about the company’s capital structure. He wants to know why the company doesn’t use more preferred stock financing because it costs less than debt. What would you tell the president?
> In Problem 5, suppose the company has announced it is going to repurchase $17,400 worth of stock. What effect will this transaction have on the equity of the firm? How many shares will be outstanding? What will the price per share be after the repurchase
> The balance sheet for Quinn Corp. is shown here in market value terms. There are 12,000 shares of stock outstanding. The company has declared a dividend of $1.45 per share. The stock goes ex dividend tomorrow. Ignoring any tax effects, what is the stoc
> Stockton Mineral Operations, Inc. (SMO), currently has 540,000 shares of stock outstanding that sell for $83 per share. Assuming no market imperfections or tax effects exist, what will the share price be after: a. SMO has a 5-for-3 stock split? b. SMO ha
> For the company in Problem 2, show how the equity accounts will change if: a. The company declares a 4-for-1 stock split. How many shares are outstanding now? What is the new par value per share? b. The company declares a 1-for-5 reverse stock split. How
> The owners’ equity accounts for Vulcano International are shown here: Common stock ($.50 par value) …………….. $ 20,000 Capital surplus …………………………………….. 210,000 Retained earnings ………………………………… 587,300 Total owners’ equity …………………………… $ 817,300 a. If the c
> After completing its capital spending for the year, Carlson Manufacturing has $1,000 extra cash. Carlson’s managers must choose between investing the cash in Treasury bonds that yield 3 percent or paying the cash out to investors who would invest in the
> National Business Machine Co. (NBM) has $5 million of extra cash after taxes have been paid. NBM has two choices to make use of this cash. One alternative is to invest the cash in financial assets. The resulting investment income will be paid out as a sp
> Consider the following information about three stocks: a. If your portfolio is invested 40 percent each in A and B and 20 percent in C, what is the portfolio expected return? The variance? The standard deviation? b. If the expected T-bill rate is 3.70
> As discussed in the text, in the absence of market imperfections and tax effects, we would expect the share price to decline by the amount of the dividend payment when the stock goes ex dividend. Once we consider the role of taxes, however, this is not n
> The Gecko Company and the Gordon Company are two firms that have the same business risk but different dividend policies. Gecko pays no dividend, whereas Gordon has an expected dividend yield of 2.9 percent. Suppose the capital gains tax rate is zero, whe
> Erna Corporation is evaluating an extra dividend versus a share repurchase. In either case, $53,500 would be spent. Current earnings are $1.79 per share, and the stock currently sells for $64 per share. There are 9,000 shares outstanding. Ignore taxes an
> In Problem 10, suppose you want only $1,500 total in dividends the first year. What will your homemade dividend be in two years? Problem 10: You own 1,000 shares of stock in Avondale Corporation. You will receive a $3.45 per share dividend in one year.
> You own 1,000 shares of stock in Avondale Corporation. You will receive a $3.45 per share dividend in one year. In two years, the company will pay a liquidating dividend of $62 per share. The required return on the company’s stock is 15 percent. What is
> Gatto, Inc., has declared a $5.85 per share dividend. Suppose capital gains are not taxed, but dividends are taxed at 15 percent. New IRS regulations require that taxes be withheld at the time the dividend is paid. The company’s stock sells for $78.35 pe
> ABC Co. and XYZ Co. are identical firms in all respects except for their capital structure. ABC is all-equity financed with $680,000 in stock. XYZ uses both stock and perpetual debt; its stock is worth $340,000 and the interest rate on its debt is 7 perc
> Finch, Inc., is debating whether to convert its allequity capital structure to one that is 30 percent debt. Currently, there are 6,500 shares outstanding, and the price per share is $51. EBIT is expected to remain at $41,000 per year forever. The interes
> Ignoring taxes in Problem 6, what is the price per share of equity under Plan I? Plan II? What principle is illustrated by your answers? Problem 6: Dickson Corp. is comparing two different capital structures. Plan I would result in 12,700 shares of stoc
> Dickson Corp. is comparing two different capital structures. Plan I would result in 12,700 shares of stock and $100,050 in debt. Plan II would result in 9,800 shares of stock and $226,200 in debt. The interest rate on the debt is 10 percent. a. Ignoring
> Ying Import has several bond issues outstanding, each making semiannual interest payments. The bonds are listed in the following table. If the corporate tax rate is 22 percent, what is the aftertax cost of the companyâ€™s debt?
> In Problem 4, use M&M Proposition I to find the price per share of equity under each of the two proposed plans. What is the value of the firm? Problem 4: Foundation, Inc., is comparing two different capital structures: an all-equity plan (Plan I) and a
> Foundation, Inc., is comparing two different capital structures: an all-equity plan (Plan I) and a levered plan (Plan II). Under Plan I, the company would have 145,000 shares of stock outstanding. Under Plan II, there would be 125,000 shares of stock out
> Suppose the company in Problem 1 has a market-tobook ratio of 1.0 and the stock price remains constant. a. Calculate return on equity (ROE) under each of the three economic scenarios before any debt is issued. Also calculate the percentage changes in ROE
> In Problem 3, suppose instead that you assume the company has a market-to-book ratio of 1.0 before recapitalization and the stock price changes according to M&M. How would this affect your answer? Problem 3: Suppose the company in Problem 1 has a market
> Repeat parts (a) and (b) in Problem 1 assuming the company has a tax rate of 21 percent, a market-to-book ratio of 1.0, and the stock price remains constant. Problem 1: Fujita, Inc., has no debt outstanding and a total market value of $222,000. Earnings
> Repeat parts (a) and (b) in Problem 1 assuming the company has a tax rate of 21 percent, a market-to-book ratio of 1.0 before recapitalization, and the stock price changes according to M&M. Problem 1: Fujita, Inc., has no debt outstanding and a total ma
> The Day Company and the Knight Company are identical in every respect except that Day is not levered. Financial information for the two firms appears in the following table. All earnings streams are perpetuities, and neither firm pays taxes. Both firms d
> Tempest Corporation expects an EBIT of $37,700 every year forever. The company currently has no debt, and its cost of equity is 11 percent. The tax rate is 22 percent. a. What is the current value of the company? b. Suppose the company can borrow at 6 pe
> Tool Manufacturing has an expected EBIT of $57,000 in perpetuity and a tax rate of 21 percent. The firm has $134,000 in outstanding debt at an interest rate of 5.35 percent, and its unlevered cost of capital is 10.3 percent. What is the value of the firm
> In Problem 14, what is the cost of equity after recapitalization? What is the WACC? What are the implications for the firm’s capital structure decision? Problem 14: Fields & Co. expects its EBIT to be $125,000 every year forever. The firm can borrow at
> Cookies ’n Cream, Inc., recently issued new securities to finance a new TV show. The project cost $45 million, and the company paid $2.2 million in flotation costs. In addition, the equity issued had a flotation cost of 7 percent of the amount raised, wh
> Fields & Co. expects its EBIT to be $125,000 every year forever. The firm can borrow at 7 percent. The company currently has no debt, and its cost of equity is 12 percent. If the tax rate is 24 percent, what is the value of the firm? What will the value
> Navarro Corp. has no debt but can borrow at 5.9 percent. The firm’s WACC is currently 9.2 percent, and the tax rate is 21 percent. a. What is the company’s cost of equity? b. If the firm converts to 25 percent debt, what will its cost of equity be? c. If
> Solar Industries has a debt-equity ratio of 1.25. Its WACC is 7.8 percent, and its cost of debt is 4.7 percent. The corporate tax rate is 21 percent. a. What is the company’s cost of equity capital? b. What is the company’s unlevered cost of equity capit
> In Problem 10, suppose the corporate tax rate is 22 percent. What is EBIT in this case? What is the WACC? Explain. Problem 10: Sugar Skull Corp. uses no debt. The weighted average cost of capital is 7.9 percent. If the current market value of the equity
> Sugar Skull Corp. uses no debt. The weighted average cost of capital is 7.9 percent. If the current market value of the equity is $15.6 million and there are no taxes, what is EBIT?
> Fujita, Inc., has no debt outstanding and a total market value of $222,000. Earnings before interest and taxes, EBIT, are projected to be $18,000 if economic conditions are normal. If there is strong expansion in the economy, then EBIT will be 25 percent
> Marker, Inc., wishes to expand its facilities. The company currently has 5 million shares outstanding and no debt. The stock sells for $64 per share, but the book value per share is $19. Net income is currently $12.2 million. The new facility will cost $
> Damron, Inc., has 250,000 shares of stock outstanding. Each share is worth $81, so the company’s market value of equity is $20,250,000. Suppose the firm issues 40,000 new shares at the following prices: $81, $76, and $68. What effect will each of these a
> The Telwar Co. has just gone public. Under a firm commitment agreement, the company received $25.11 for each of the 30 million shares sold. The initial offering price was $27 per share, and the stock rose to $32.49 per share in the first few minutes of t
> In Problem 5, if the SEC filing fee and associated administrative expenses of the offering are $1.9 million, how many shares need to be sold? Problem 5: The Meadows Corporation needs to raise $75 million to finance its expansion into new markets. The co
> A stock has a beta of 1.19 and an expected return of 12.4 percent. A risk-free asset currently earns 2.7 percent. a. What is the expected return on a portfolio that is equally invested in the two assets? b. If a portfolio of the two assets has a beta of
> The Meadows Corporation needs to raise $75 million to finance its expansion into new markets. The company will sell new shares of equity via a general cash offering to raise the needed funds. If the offer price is $23 per share and the company’s underwri
> The Woods Co. and the Koepka Co. have both announced IPOs at $40 per share. One of these is undervalued by $12, and the other is overvalued by $5, but you have no way of knowing which is which. You plan to buy 1,000 shares of each issue. If an issue is u
> The Tennis Shoe Co. has concluded that additional equity financing will be needed to expand operations and that the needed funds will be best obtained through a rights offering. It has correctly determined that as a result of the rights offering, the sha
> The Clifford Corporation has announced a rights offer to raise $25 million for a new journal, the Journal of Financial Excess. This journal will review potential articles after the author pays a nonrefundable reviewing fee of $5,000 per page. The stock c
> Nougat Corp. wants to raise $5.1 million via a rights offering. The company currently has 530,000 shares of common stock outstanding that sell for $55 per share. Its underwriter has set a subscription price of $30 per share and will charge the company a
> Bell Buckle Mfg. is considering a rights offer. The company has determined that the ex-rights price would be $71. The current price is $76 per share, and there are 29 million shares outstanding. The rights offer would raise a total of $95 million. What i
> In Problem 10, what would the ROE on the investment have to be if we wanted the price after the offering to be $75 per share? (Assume the PE ratio remains constant.) What is the NPV of this investment? Does any dilution take place? Problem 10: The Metal
> Hassinah, Inc., is proposing a rights offering. Presently there are 435,000 shares outstanding at $71 each. There will be 50,000 new shares offered at $64 each. a. What is the new market value of the company? b. How many rights are associated with one
> For the firm in Problem 7, suppose the book value of the debt issue is $75 million. In addition, the company has a second debt issue on the market, a zero coupon bond with eight years left to maturity; the book value of this issue is $30 million, and the
> In the previous problem, what would the risk-free rate have to be for the two stocks to be correctly priced? Problem 18: Stock Y has a beta of 1.2 and an expected return of 11.5 percent. Stock Z has a beta of .80 and an expected return of 8.5 percent. I
> Jiminy’s Cricket Farm issued a 30-year, 4.5 percent semiannual bond three years ago. The bond currently sells for 104 percent of its face value. The company’s tax rate is 22 percent. a. What is the pretax cost of debt? b. What is the aftertax cost of d
> Sunrise, Inc., is trying to determine its cost of debt. The firm has a debt issue outstanding with 23 years to maturity that is quoted at 96 percent of face value. The issue makes semiannual payments and has an embedded cost of 5 percent annually. What i
> Savers has an issue of preferred stock with a stated dividend of $3.85 that just sold for $87 per share. What is the bank’s cost of preferred stock?
> Suppose Wacken, Ltd., just issued a dividend of $2.73 per share on its common stock. The company paid dividends of $2.31, $2.39, $2.48, and $2.58 per share in the last four years. If the stock currently sells for $43, what is your best estimate of the co
> Stock in Jansen Industries has a beta of 1.05. The market risk premium is 7 percent, and T-bills are currently yielding 3.5 percent. The company’s most recent dividend was $2.45 per share, and dividends are expected to grow at an annual rate of 4.1 perce
> Landman Corporation (LC) manufactures time series photographic equipment. It is currently at its target debt-equity ratio of .60. It’s considering building a new $73 million manufacturing facility. This new plant is expected to generate aftertax cash flo
> In the previous problem, suppose you believe that sales in five years will be $45.5 million and the price-sales ratio will be 2.15. What is the share price now? Problem 26: You have looked at the current financial statements for J&R Homes, Co. The compa
> You have looked at the current financial statements for J&R Homes, Co. The company has an EBIT of $3.35 million this year. Depreciation, the increase in net working capital, and capital spending were $295,000, $125,000, and $535,000, respectively. You ex
> In the previous problem, instead of a perpetual growth rate in adjusted cash flow from assets, you decide to calculate the terminal value of the company with the price-sales ratio. You believe that Year 5 sales will be $23.7 million and the appropriate p
> Derry Corp. is expected to have an EBIT of $2.1 million next year. Increases in depreciation, the increase in net working capital, and capital spending are expected to be $165,000, $80,000, and $120,000, respectively. All are expected to grow at 18 perce
> In Problem 14, what is the break-even price per unit that should be charged under the new credit policy? Assume that the sales figure under the new policy is 3,310 units and all other values remain the same. Problem 14: The Branson Corporation is consid
> Ginger Industries stock has a beta of 1.08. The company just paid a dividend of $.85, and the dividends are expected to grow at 4 percent. The expected return on the market is 11.3 percent, and Treasury bills are yielding 3.4 percent. The most recent sto
> Lebleu, Inc., is considering a project that will result in initial aftertax cash savings of $2.9 million at the end of the first year, and these savings will grow at a rate of 2 percent per year indefinitely. The firm has a target debt-equity ratio of .7
> The Swanson Corporation’s common stock has a beta of 1.07. If the risk-free rate is 3.4 percent and the expected return on the market is 11 percent, what is the company’s cost of equity capital?
> Shinedown Company needs to raise $95 million to start a new project and will raise the money by selling new bonds. The company will generate no internal equity for the foreseeable future. The company has a target capital structure of 65 percent common st
> Suppose your company needs $43 million to build a new assembly line. Your target debt-equity ratio is .75. The flotation cost for new equity is 6 percent, but the flotation cost for debt is only 2 percent. Your boss has decided to fund the project by bor
> Explain why the aftertax borrowing rate is the appropriate discount rate to use in lease evaluation.
> In 2019, activist investor Elliott Management was pressuring eBay to sell StubHub. The sale was completed in February 2020, when Ebay sold StubHub to Viagogo. Why might investors prefer that a company split into multiple companies? Is there a possibility
> In 2019, Japan-based Mitsubishi Corporation acquired Dutch power provider Eneco for $4.52 billion. Is this a horizontal or vertical acquisition? How do you suppose Eneco’s nationality affected Mitsubishi’s decision?
> If a U.S. company exports its goods to Japan, how would it use a futures contract on Japanese yen to hedge its exchange rate risk? Would it buy or sell yen futures? In answering, assume that the exchange rate quoted in the futures contract is quoted as d
> On Tuesday, December 5, Hometown Power Co.’s board of directors declares a dividend of 75 cents per share payable on Wednesday, January 17, to shareholders of record as of Wednesday, January 3. When is the ex-dividend date? If a shareholder buys stock be
> How do you think this tax law change affected the relative attractiveness of stock repurchases compared to dividend payments?
> An all-equity firm is considering the following projects: The T-bill rate is 4 percent, and the expected return on the market is 12 percent. a. Which projects have a higher expected return than the firmâ€™s 12 percent cost of capital?
> The following material represents the cover page and summary of the prospectus for the initial public offering of the Pest Investigation Control Corporation (PICC), which is going public tomorrow with a firm commitment initial public offering managed by
> How do you think this tax law change affected ex-dividend stock prices?
> For initial public offerings of common stock, 2017 was a slow year, with about $24.53 billion raised by the process. Relatively few of the 108 firms involved paid cash dividends. Why do you think that most chose not to pay cash dividends? Use the followi
> In the previous two questions, how would it affect your thinking to know that in addition to the 9.68 million shares offered in the IPO, Zipcar had an additional 30 million shares outstanding? Of those 30 million shares, 14.1 million shares were owned by
> In the previous question, how would it affect your thinking to know that the company was incorporated about 10 years earlier, had only $186 million in revenues in 2010, and had never earned a profit? Additionally, the viability of the company’s business
> The Zipcar IPO was underpriced by about 56 percent. Should Zipcar be upset at Goldman over the underpricing?
> Why is underpricing not a great concern with bond offerings? Use the following information to answer the next three questions. Zipcar, the car-sharing company, went public in April 2011. Assisted by the investment bank Goldman, Sachs & Co., Zipcar sold 9
> Why do noninvestment-grade bonds have much higher direct costs than investment-grade issues?
> Why are the costs of selling equity so much larger than the costs of selling debt? Answer: From the previous question, economies of scale are part of the answer. Beyond this, debt issues are easier and less risky to sell from an investment bank’s
> In the aggregate, debt offerings are much more common than equity offerings and typically much larger as well. Why?
> Lingenburger Cheese Corporation has 6.4 million shares of common stock outstanding, 200,000 shares of 3.8 percent preferred stock outstanding, par value of $100, and 120,000 bonds with a semiannual coupon of 4.8 percent outstanding, par value $1,000 each
> You have $10,000 to invest in a stock portfolio. Your choices are Stock X with an expected return of 12.4 percent and Stock Y with an expected return of 10.1 percent. If your goal is to create a portfolio with an expected return of 10.85 percent, how muc
> You own a portfolio that is invested 15 percent in Stock X, 35 percent in Stock Y, and 50 percent in Stock Z. The expected returns on these three stocks are 9 percent, 15 percent, and 12 percent, respectively. What is the expected return on the portfolio
> You own a portfolio that has $4,450 invested in Stock A and $9,680 invested in Stock B. If the expected returns on these stocks are 8 percent and 11 percent, respectively, what is the expected return on the portfolio?
> What are the portfolio weights for a portfolio that has 145 shares of Stock A that sell for $47 per share and 200 shares of Stock B that sell for $21 per share?
> A stock has an expected return of 10.45 percent, its beta is .85, and the expected return on the market is 11.8 percent. What must the risk-free rate be?
> A stock has an expected return of 11.85 percent, its beta is 1.08, and the risk-free rate is 3.9 percent. What must the expected return on the market be?
> A stock has an expected return of 11.4 percent, the risk-free rate is 3.9 percent, and the market risk premium is 6.8 percent. What must the beta of this stock be?
> A stock has a beta of 1.15, the expected return on the market is 11.3 percent, and the risk-free rate is 3.6 percent. What must the expected return on this stock be?
> You own a portfolio equally invested in a risk-free asset and two stocks. If one of the stocks has a beta of 1.34 and the total portfolio is equally as risky as the market, what must the beta be for the other stock in your portfolio?
> You own a stock portfolio invested 15 percent in Stock Q, 20 percent in Stock R, 30 percent in Stock S, and 35 percent in Stock T. The betas for these four stocks are .79, 1.23, 1.13, and 1.36, respectively. What is the portfolio beta?
> Given the following information for Lightning Power Co., find the WACC. Assume the company’s tax rate is 21 percent. Debt: 12,000 bonds with a 4.6 percent coupon outstanding, $1,000 par value, 25 years to maturity, selling for 105 percent of par; the bon
> Consider the following information: a. Your portfolio is invested 30 percent each in A and C, and 40 percent in B. What is the expected return of the portfolio? b. What is the variance of this portfolio? The standard deviation?
> Consider the following information: a. What is the expected return on an equally weighted portfolio of these three stocks? b. What is the variance of a portfolio invested 20 percent each in A and B and 60 percent in C?
> A portfolio is invested 45 percent in Stock G, 40 percent in Stock J, and 15 percent in Stock K. The expected returns on these stocks are 11 percent, 9 percent, and 15 percent, respectively. What is the portfolio’s expected return? How do you interpret y
> Based on the following information, calculate the expected return and standard deviation for Stock A and Stock B: