What is the profession’s recommendation in regard to the use of the term “surplus”? Explain.
> Sergey Co. has net cash provided by operating activities of $1,200,000. Its average current liabilities for the period are $1,000,000, and its average total liabilities are $1,500,000. Comment on the company’s liquidity and financial flexibility,
> State the generally accepted accounting principle applicable to balance sheet valuation of each of the following assets. (a) Trade accounts receivable. (b) Land. (c) Inventories. (d) Trading securities (common stock of other companies). (e) Prepai
> Each of the following items must be considered in preparing a statement of cash flows. Indicate where each item is to be reported in the statement, if at all. Assume that net income is reported as $90,000. (a) Accounts receivable increased from $34,00
> What is meant by solvency? What information in the balance sheet can be used to assess a company’s solvency?
> Differentiate between operating activities, investing activities, and financing activities.
> Net income for the year for Carrie, Inc. was $750,000, but the statement of cash flows reports that net cash provided by operating activities was $860,000. What might account for the difference?
> Where should the following items be shown on the balance sheet, if shown at all? (a) Allowance for doubtful accounts. (b) Merchandise held on consignment. (c) Advances received on sales contract. (d) Cash surrender value of life insurance. (e) Lan
> In what section of the balance sheet should the following items appear, and what balance sheet terminology would you use? (a) Treasury stock (recorded at cost). (b) Checking account at bank. (c) Land (held as an investment). (d) Sinking fund. (e)
> Crane Corporation has the following accounts included in its December 31, 2014, trial balance: Equity Investments (trading) $21,000; Goodwill $150,000; Prepaid Insurance $12,000; Patents $220,000; Franchises $130,000. Prepare the intangible assets sect
> Lowell Company’s December 31, 2014, trial balance includes the following accounts: Inventory $120,000; Buildings $207,000; Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment $19,000; Equipment $190,000; Land (held for investment) $46,000; Accumulated Depre
> What is the purpose of a free cash flow analysis?
> A recent financial magazine indicated that the airline industry has poor financial flexibility. What is meant by financial flexibility, and why is it important?
> How does information from the balance sheet help users of the financial statements?
> The net income for the year for Genesis, Inc. is $750,000, but the statement of cash flows reports that the net cash provided by operating activities is $640,000. What might account for the difference?
> Rainmaker Company prepares its financial statements in accordance with IFRS. In 2014, Rainmaker recorded the following revaluation adjustments related to its buildings and land: The Company’s building increased in value by $200,000; its land decl
> Briefly describe the convergence efforts related to financial statement presentation.
> Included in Outkast Company’s December 31, 2014, trial balance are the following accounts: Prepaid Rent $5,200; Debt Investments (trading) $56,000; Unearned Fees $17,000; Land (held for investment) $39,000; Notes Receivable (long-term) $42,000. P
> In its December 31, 2014, balance sheet Oakley Corporation reported as an asset, “Net notes and accounts receivable, $7,100,000.” What other disclosures are necessary?
> Briefly describe some of the similarities and differences between GAAP and IFRS with respect to statement of financial position (balance sheet) reporting.
> Where can authoritative IFRS guidance be found related to the statement of financial position (balance sheet) and the statement of cash flows?
> The partner in charge of the Kappeler Corporation audit comes by your desk and leaves a letter he has started to the CEO and a copy of the cash flow statement for the year ended December 31, 2014. Because he must leave on an emergency, he asks you to f
> Carol Keene, corporate comptroller for Dumaine Industries, is trying to decide how to present “Property, plant, and equipment” in the balance sheet. She realizes that the statement of cash flows will show that the company made a significant
> Presented below is the balance sheet of Sameed Brothers Corporation (000s omitted). Instructions Evaluate the balance sheet presented. State briefly the proper treatment of any item criticized.
> FONZARELLI CORPORATION BALANCE SHEET (PARTIAL) DECEMBER 31, 2014 Assets Current assets $ 100,000 27,500 37,000 75,000 Cash Unclaimed payroll checks Debt investments (trading) (fair value $30,000) at cost Accounts receivable (less bad debt reserve) Inv
> In an examination of Arenes Corporation as of December 31, 2014, you have learned that the following situations exist. No entries have been made in the accounting records for these items. 1. The corporation erected its present factory building in 1999
> What is the purpose of a statement of cash flows? How does it differ from a balance sheet and an income statement?
> Aero Inc. had the following balance sheet at December 31, 2013. During 2014, the following occurred. 1. Aero liquidated its available-for-sale investment portfolio at a loss of $5,000. 2. A tract of land was purchased for $38,000. 3. An additio
> Koch Corporation’s adjusted trial balance contained the following asset accounts at December 31, 2014: Cash $7,000; Land $40,000; Patents $12,500; Accounts Receivable $90,000; Prepaid Insurance $5,200; Inventory $30,000; Allowance for Doubtful Ac
> Lansbury Inc. had the following balance sheet at December 31, 2013. During 2014, the following occurred. 1. Lansbury Inc. sold part of its investment portfolio for $15,000. This transaction resulted in a gain of $3,400 for the firm. The company
> Presented below is the balance sheet of Sargent Corporation for the current year, 2014. The following information is presented. 1. The current assets section includes cash $150,000, accounts receivable $170,000 less $10,000 for allowance for doub
> How does separating current assets from property, plant, and equipment in the balance sheet help analysts?
> The balance sheet of Kishwaukee Corporation as of December 31, 2014, is as follows. Note 1: Buildings are stated at cost, except for one building that was recorded at appraised value. The excess of appraisal value over cost was $570,000. Depreciatio
> The adjusted trial balance of Eastwood Company and other related information for the year 2014 are presented as follows. Additional information: 1. The LIFO method of inventory value is used. 2. The cost and fair value of the long-term investmen
> Presented below are a number of balance sheet items for Montoya, Inc., for the current year, 2014. Instructions Prepare a classified balance sheet in good form. Common stock authorized was 400,000 shares, and preferred stock authorized was 20,000
> Presented below is a list of accounts in alphabetical order. Instructions Prepare a classified balance sheet in good form. (No monetary amounts are to be shown.)
> The comparative balance sheets of Madrasah Corporation at the beginning and end of the year 2014 appear below. Net income of $44,000 was reported, and dividends of $33,000 were paid in 2014. New equipment was purchased and none was sold. Instruct
> A comparative balance sheet for Shabbona Corporation is presented below. Additional information: 1. Net income for 2014 was $125,000. No gains or losses were recorded in 2014. 2. Cash dividends of $60,000 were declared and paid. 3. Bonds payabl
> The creditors of Chester Company agree to accept promissory notes for the amount of its indebtedness with a proviso that two-thirds of the annual profits must be applied to their liquidation. How should these notes be reported on the balance sheet of t
> Harding Corporation has the following accounts included in its December 31, 2014, trial balance: Accounts Receivable $110,000; Inventory $290,000; Allowance for Doubtful Accounts $8,000; Patents $72,000; Prepaid Insurance $9,500; Accounts Payable $77,0
> Presented below is a condensed version of the comparative balance sheets for Zubin Mehta Corporation for the last two years at December 31. Additional information: Investments were sold at a loss (not extraordinary) of $10,000; no equipment was so
> The comparative balance sheets of Constantine Cavamanlis Inc. at the beginning and the end of the year 2014 are as follows Net income of $44,000 was reported, and dividends of $23,000 were paid in 2014. New equipment was purchased and none was sold.
> The major classifications of activities reported in the statement of cash flows are operating, investing, and financing. Classify each of the transactions listed below as: 1. Operating activity—add to net income. 2. Operating activity—ded
> Presented below is the trial balance of Scott Butler Corporation at December 31, 2014. Instructions Prepare a balance sheet at December 31, 2014, for Scott Butler Corporation. (Ignore income taxes.)
> Discuss at least two items that are important to the value of companies like Intel or IBM but that are not recorded in their balance sheets. What are some reasons why these items are not recorded in the balance sheet?
> Presented below is the adjusted trial balance of Kelly Corporation at December 31, 2014. Additional information: 1. Net loss for the year was $2,500. 2. No dividends were declared during 2014. Instructions Prepare a classified balance sheet as
> Norma Smith is the controller of Baylor Corporation and is responsible for the preparation of the year-end financial statements. The following transactions occurred during the year. (a) On December 20, 2014, a former employee filed a legal action agai
> The current assets and current liabilities sections of the balance sheet of Allessandro Scarlatti Company appear as follows The following errors in the corporation’s accounting have been discovered: 1. January 2015 cash disbursements entere
> Frederic Chopin Corporation is preparing its December 31, 2014, balance sheet. The following items may be reported as either a current or long-term liability. 1. On December 15, 2014, Chopin declared a cash dividend of $2.50 per share to stockholders
> Presented below are selected accounts of Yasunari Kawabata Company at December 31, 2014. The following additional information is available. 1. Inventories are valued at lower-of-cost-or-market using LIFO. 2. Equipment is recorded at cost. Accumu
> Kathleen Battle says, “Retained earnings should be reported as an asset, since it is earnings which are reinvested in the business.” How would you respond to Battle?
> The bookkeeper for Geronimo Company has prepared the following balance sheet as of July 31, 2014. The following additional information is provided. 1. Cash includes $1,200 in a petty cash fund and $15,000 in a bond sinking fund. 2. The net accou
> Uhura Company has decided to expand its operations. The bookkeeper recently completed the balance sheet presented below in order to obtain additional funds for expansion. // Instructions Prepare a revised balance sheet given the available informatio
> Assume that Denis Savard Inc. has the following accounts at the end of the current year. 2 3 Instructions Prepare a classified balance sheet in good form. (No monetary amounts are necessary.)
> Presented below are the captions of Faulk Company’s balance sheet. (a) Current assets. (f) Current liabilities. (b) Investments. (g) Noncurrent liabilities. (c) Property, plant, and equipment. (h) Capital stock. (d) Intangible assets. (i)
> Presented below are a number of balance sheet accounts of Deep Blue Something, Inc. (a) Investment in Preferred Stock. (b) Treasury Stock. (c) Common Stock. (d) Dividends Payable. (e) Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment. (f) Construction in
> What are the major limitations of the balance sheet as a source of information?
> Using the information in BE5-14, determine Martinez’s free cash flow, assuming that it reported net cash provided by operating activities of $400,000.
> Use the information presented in BE5-14 for Martinez Corporation to compute the net cash used (provided) by financing activities.
> Martinez Corporation engaged in the following cash transactions during 2014. Compute the net cash provided (used) by investing activities.
> What types of contractual obligations must be disclosed in great detail in the notes to the balance sheet? Why do you think these detailed provisions should be disclosed?
> Ames Company reported 2014 net income of $151,000. During 2014, accounts receivable increased by $13,000 and accounts payable increased by $9,500. Depreciation expense was $44,000. Prepare the cash flows from operating activities section of the stateme
> Discuss how a leased building might qualify as an asset of the lessee (tenant) under this definition.
> Keyser Beverage Company reported the following items in the most recent year. Compute net cash provided by operating activities, the net change in cash during the year, and free cash flow.
> Stowe Company’s December 31, 2014, trial balance includes the following accounts: Investment in Common Stock $70,000; Retained Earnings $114,000; Trademarks $31,000; Preferred Stock $152,000; Common Stock $55,000; Deferred Income Taxes $88,000; P
> Hawthorn Corporation’s adjusted trial balance contained the following accounts at December 31, 2014: Retained Earnings $120,000; Common Stock $750,000; Bonds Payable $100,000; Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par—Common Stock $200,000; Goodwill
> Use the information presented in BE5-8 for Adams Company to prepare the long-term liabilities section of the balance sheet. In BE5-8 Included in Adams Company’s December 31, 2014, trial balance are the following accounts: Accounts Payable $220,
> Included in Adams Company’s December 31, 2014, trial balance are the following accounts: Accounts Payable $220,000; Pension Liability $375,000; Discount on Bonds Payable $29,000; Unearned Rent Revenue $41,000; Bonds Payable $400,000; Salaries and
> Thomas Corporation’s adjusted trial balance contained the following liability accounts at December 31, 2014: Bonds Payable (due in 3 years) $100,000; Accounts Payable $72,000; Notes Payable (due in 90 days) $22,500; Salaries and Wages Payable $4,
> What is meant by liquidity? Rank the following assets from one to five in order of liquidity. (a) Goodwill. (b) Inventory. (c) Buildings. (d) Short-term investments. (e) Accounts receivable.
> Patrick Corporation’s adjusted trial balance contained the following asset accounts at December 31, 2014: Prepaid Rent $12,000; Goodwill $50,000; Franchise Fees Receivable $2,000; Franchises $47,000; Patents $33,000; Trademarks $10,000. Prepare t
> What is a “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies”?
> Prepare the following adjusting entries at August 31 for Walgreens. (a) Interest on notes payable of $300 is accrued. (b) Services performed but unbilled total $1,400. (c) Salaries and wages earned by employees of $700 have not been recorded. (d) B
> Transactions for Mehta Company for the month of May are presented below. Prepare journal entries for each of these transactions. (You may omit explanations.) May 1 B.D. Mehta invests $4,000 cash in exchange for common stock in a small welding corporat
> Do the following events represent business transactions? Explain your answer in each case. (a) A computer is purchased on account. (b) A customer returns merchandise and is given credit on account. (c) A prospective employee is interviewed. (d) The o
> What are reversing entries, and why are they used?
> List two types of transactions that would receive different accounting treatment using (a) strict cash-basis accounting, and (b) a modified cash basis.
> When salaries and wages expense for the year is computed, why are beginning accrued salaries and wages subtracted from, and ending accrued salaries and wages added to, salaries and wages paid during the year?
> Distinguish between cash-basis accounting and accrual basis accounting. Why is accrual-basis accounting acceptable for most businesses and the cash-basis unacceptable in the preparation of an income statement and a balance sheet?
> Jay Hawk, maintenance supervisor for Boston Insurance Co., has purchased a riding lawnmower and accessories to be used in maintaining the grounds around corporate headquarters. He has sent the following information to the accounting department. C
> What are closing entries and why are they necessary?
> What differences are there between the trial balance before closing and the trial balance after closing with respect to the following accounts? (a) Accounts Payable. (b) Expense accounts. (c) Revenue accounts. (d) Retained Earnings account. (e) Ca
> (a) How are the components of revenues and expenses different for a merchandising company? (b) Explain the income measurement process of a merchandising company.
> Is it necessary that a trial balance be taken periodically? What purpose does it serve?
> Why are revenue and expense accounts called temporary or nominal accounts?
> What are adjusting entries and why are they necessary?
> What differences are there between the trial balance before closing and the trial balance after closing with respect to the following accounts? (a) Accounts Payable. (b) Expense accounts. (c) Revenue accounts. (d) Retained Earnings account. (e) Cash.
> For what purposes did the AICPA in 1959 create the Accounting Principles Board?
> What was the Committee on Accounting Procedure, and what were its accomplishments and failings?
> In what way is the Securities and Exchange Commission concerned about and supportive of accounting principles and standards?
> What is the likely limitation of “general-purpose financial statements”?
> Describe the procedures for providing feedback.
> The financial statements of Marks and Spencer plc (M&S) are available at the book’s companion website or can be accessed at http://annualreport.marksandspencer.com/_assets/downloads/Marks-and-Spencer-Annual-report-and-financial-statements-2012.
> As a newly enrolled accounting major, you are anxious to better understand accounting institutions and sources of accounting literature. As a first step, you decide to explore the IASB’s Framework for the Preparation and Presentation of Financial S
> Briefly explain the meaning of decision-usefulness in the context of financial reporting.
> The following comments were made at an Annual Conference of the Financial Executives Institute (FEI). There is an irreversible movement toward the harmonization of financial reporting throughout the world. The international capital markets require an end
> Who are the two key international players in the development of international accounting standards? Explain their role.
> Three expense recognition methods (associating cause and effect, systematic and rational allocation, and immediate recognition) were discussed in the text under the expense recognition principle. Indicate the basic nature of each of these expense recogni
> The following letter was sent to the SEC and the FASB by leaders of the business community. Dear Sirs: The FASB has been struggling with accounting for derivatives and hedging for many years. The FASB has now developed, over the last few weeks, a new app
> Presented below is abbreviated testimony from Troy Normand in the WorldCom case. He was a manager in the corporate reporting department and is one of five individuals who pleaded guilty. He is testifying in hopes of receiving no prison time when he is ul
> The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) were created in 1934 and consist of five commissioners and a large professional staff. The SEC professional staff is organized into five divisions and several principal offices. The primary objective of t