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Question: Which internal controls should the auditor be

Which internal controls should the auditor be most concerned about in the audit of notes payable? Explain the importance of each.

> In testing the cutoff of accounts payable at the balance sheet date, explain why it is important that auditors coordinate their tests with the physical observation of inventory. What can the auditor do during the physical inventory to enhance the likelih

> Explain the purpose of a four-column proof of cash. List two types of misstatements it is meant to uncover.

> What is meant by an imprest bank account for a branch operation? Explain the purpose of using this type of bank account.

> Why are auditors usually less concerned about the client's cash receipts cutoff than the cutoff for sales? Explain the procedure involved in testing for the cutoff for cash receipts.

> Describe what is meant by a cutoff bank statement and state its purpose.

> How do bank confirmations differ from positive confirmations of accounts receivable? Distinguish between them in terms of the nature of the information confirmed, the sample size, and the appropriate action when the confirmation is not returned after the

> Evaluate the effectiveness and state the shortcomings of the preparation of a bank reconciliation by the controller in the manner described in the following statement: "When I reconcile the bank account, the first thing I do is review the sorted list of

> Why is the monthly reconciliation of bank accounts by an independent person an important internal control over cash balances? Which individuals will generally not be considered independent for this responsibility?

> Explain the relationships among the initial assessed control risk, tests of controls and substantive tests of transactions for cash disbursements, and the tests of details of cash balances. Give one example in which the conclusions reached about internal

> The following questions concern testing the client's internal controls for inventory and warehousing. Choose the best response. a. When an auditor tests a client's cost accounting records, the auditor's tests are primarily designed to determine that (1)

> Explain the relationships among the initial assessed control risk, tests of controls and substantive tests of transactions for cash receipts, and the tests of details of cash balances.

> You are doing the first-year audit of Sherman School District and have been assigned responsibility for doing a four-column proof of cash for the month of October 2011. You obtain the following information: 6. Interest on a bank loan for the month of Oct

> It is less common to confirm accounts payable at an interim date than accounts receivable. Explain why.

> E-Antiques, Inc. is an Internet-based market maker for buyers and sellers of antique furniture and jewelry. The company allows sellers of antique items to list descriptions of those items on the E-Antiques Web site. Interested buyers review the Web site

> You are a CPA engaged in an audit of the financial statements of Pate Corporation for the year ended December 31, 2011. The financial statements and records of Pate Corporation have not been audited by a CPA in prior years. The stockholders' equity secti

> You are engaged in the audit of a corporation whose records have not previously been audited by you. The corporation has both an independent transfer agent and a registrar for its capital stock. The transfer agent maintains the record of stockholders and

> The following audit procedures are commonly performed by auditors in the verification of owners' equity: 1. Review the articles of incorporation and bylaws for provisions about owners' equity. 2. Analyze all owners' equity accounts for the year and docum

> Items 1 through 6 are common questions found in internal control questionnaires used by auditors to obtain an understanding of internal control for owners' equity. In using the questionnaire for a client, a "yes" response indicates a possible internal co

> The Redford Corporation took out a 20-year mortgage on June 15, 2011, for $2,600,000 and pledged its only manufacturing building and the land on which the building stands as collateral. Each month subsequent to the issue of the mortgage, a payment of $20

> The following covenants are extracted from the indenture of a bond issue. The indenture provides that failure to comply with its terms in any respect automatically makes the loan immediately due (the regular date is 20 years hence). List any audit steps

> The following questions concern internal controls in the inventory and warehousing cycle. Choose the best response. a. Which of the following controls will most likely justify a reduced assessed level of control risk for the occurrence assertion for purc

> The ending general ledger balance of $186,000 in notes payable for the Sterling Manufacturing Company is made up of 20 notes to eight different payees. The notes vary in duration anywhere from 30 days to 2 years, and in amounts from $1,000 to $10,000. In

> Your client, Red Horse Inc., prepared the following schedule for long term debt for the audit of financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2011: Required a. What type of evidence would you examine to support the beginning balances in the accou

> The following are frequently performed audit procedures for the verification of bonds payable issued in previous years: 1. Analyze the general ledger account for bonds payable, interest expense, and unamortized bond discount or premium. 2. Obtain a confi

> Distinguish between a vendor’s invoice and a vendor’s statement. Which document should ideally be used as evidence in auditing acquisition transactions and which for verifying accounts payable balances? Why?

> Items 1 through 6 are questions typically found in a standard internal control questionnaire used by auditors to obtain an understanding of internal control for notes payable. In using the questionnaire for a client, a "yes" response indicates a possible

> The following questions concern the audit of accounts in the capital acquisition and repayment cycle. Choose the best response. a. During an audit of a publicly held company, the auditor should obtain written confirmation regarding debenture transactions

> The following multiple choice questions concern interest-bearing liabilities. Choose the best response. a. The audit program for long-term debt should include steps that require the (1) Verification of the existence of the bondholders. (2) Examination o

> Explain the relationship between the audit of owners' equity and the calculations of earnings per share. What are the main auditing considerations in verifying the earnings per share figure?

> What should be the major emphasis in auditing the retained earnings account? Explain your answer.

> If a transfer agent disburses dividends for a client, explain how the audit of dividends declared and paid is affected. What audit procedures are necessary to verify dividends paid when a transfer agent is used?

> Assuming that the auditor properly documents receiving report numbers as a part of the physical inventory observation procedures, explain how the proper cutoff of purchases, including tests for the possibility of raw materials in transit, should be verif

> Evaluate the following statement: "The most important audit procedure to verify dividends for the year is a comparison of a random sample of cancelled dividend checks with a dividend list that has been prepared by management as of the dividend record dat

> What kinds of information can be confirmed with a transfer agent?

> Describe the duties of a stock registrar and a transfer agent. How does the use of their services affect the client's internal controls?

> How does the audit of owners' equity for a closely held corporation differ from that for a publicly held corporation? In what respects are there no significant differences?

> Explain why it is common for auditors to send confirmation requests to vendors with “zero balances” on the client’s accounts payable listing but uncommon to follow the same approach in verifying accounts receivable.

> What are the major internal controls over owners' equity?

> Evaluate the following statement: "The corporate charter and the bylaws of a company are legal documents; therefore, they should not be examined by the auditors. If the auditor wants information about these documents, an attorney should be consulted."

> What are the primary objectives in the audit of owners' equity accounts?

> List two types of restrictions long-term creditors often put on companies when granting them a loan. How can the auditor find out about these restrictions?

> Distinguish between (a) Tests of controls and substantive tests of transactions (b) Tests of details of balances for liability accounts in the capital acquisition and repayment cycle.

> Each employee for the Gedding Manufacturing Co., a firm using a job-cost inventory costing method, must reconcile his or her total hours worked with the hours worked on individual jobs using a job time sheet at the time weekly payroll time cards are prep

> What is the primary purpose of analyzing interest expense? Given this purpose, what primary considerations should the auditor keep in mind when doing the analysis?

> Why is it more important to search for unrecorded notes payable than for unrecorded notes receivable? Suggest audit procedures that the auditor can use to uncover unrecorded notes payable.

> Which analytical procedures are most important in verifying notes payable? Which types of misstatements can the auditor uncover by the use of these tests?

> The Ruswell Manufacturing Company applied manufacturing overhead to inventory at December 31, 2011, on the basis of $3.47 per direct labor hour. Explain how you will evaluate the reasonableness of total direct labor hours and manufacturing overhead in th

> Included in the December 31, 2011, inventory of the Wholeridge Supply Company are 2,600 deluxe ring binders in the amount of $5,902. An examination of the most recent acquisitions of binders showed the following costs: January 26, 2012, 2,300 at $2.42 ea

> List the major analytical procedures for testing the overall reasonableness of inventory. For each test, explain the type of misstatement that could be identified.

> Define what is meant by compilation tests. List several examples of audit procedures to verify compilation.

> Explain why a proper cutoff of purchases and sales is heavily dependent on the physical inventory observation. What information should be obtained during the physical count to make sure that cutoff is accurate?

> During the taking of physical inventory, the controller intention ally withheld several inventory tags from the employees responsible for the physical count. After the auditor left the client's premises at the completion of the inventory observation, the

> In the verification of the amount of the inventory, one of the auditor's concerns is that slow-moving and obsolete items be identified. List the auditing procedures that can be used to determine whether slow-moving or obsolete items have been included i

> What major audit procedures are involved in testing for the ownership of inventory during the observation of the physical counts and as a part of subsequent valuation tests?

> At the completion of an inventory observation, the controller requested the auditor to give him a copy of all recorded test counts to facilitate the correction of all discrepancies between the client's and the auditor's counts. Should the auditor comply

> Before the physical examination, the auditor obtains a copy of the client's inventory instructions and reviews them with the controller. In obtaining an understanding of inventory procedures for a small manufacturing company, these deficiencies are ident

> Explain why most auditors consider the receipt of goods and services the most important point in the acquisition and payment cycle.

> Many auditors assert that certain audit tests can be significantly reduced for clients with adequate perpetual records that include both unit and cost data. What are the most important tests of the perpetual records that the auditor must make before redu

> State what is meant by cost accounting records and explain their importance in the conduct of an audit.

> It is common practice to audit the balance in notes payable in conjunction with the audit of interest expense and interest payable. Explain the advantages of this approach.

> Explain the relationship between the acquisition and payment cycle and the inventory and warehousing cycle in the audit of a manufacturing company. List several audit procedures in the acquisition and payment cycle that support your explanation.

> Give the reasons why inventory is often the most difficult and time consuming part of many audits.

> You are assigned to the December 31, 2011, audit of Sea Gull Airframes, Inc. The company designs and manufactures aircraft superstructures and airframe components. You observed the physical inventory at December 31 and are satisfied that it was properly

> Since 1938, when auditors failed to uncover fictitious inventory recorded by the McKesson & Robbins Company, auditors have been ordinarily required to physically observe the counting of inventory. It is important to recognize that auditors are not requir

> During the first-year audit of Jones Wholesale Stationery, you observe that commission’s amount to almost 25 percent of total sales, which is somewhat higher than in previous years. Further investigation reveals that the industry typically has larger sal

> Archer Uniforms, Inc., is a distributor of professional uniforms to retail stores that sell work clothing to professionals, such as doctors, nurses, security guards, etc. Traditionally, most of the sales are to retail stores throughout the United States

> The following are various asset misappropriations involving the payroll and personnel cycle. 1. The payroll clerk submitted payroll information for a fictitious employee and had the funds directly deposited to a bank account that he controlled. 2. An emp

> You are assessing internal control in the audit of the payroll and personnel cycle for Rogers Products Company, a manufacturing company specializing in assembling computer parts. Rogers employs approximately two hundred hourly and thirty salaried employe

> What is meant by a voucher? Explain how its use can improve an organization’s internal controls.

> In comparing total payroll tax expense with that of the preceding year, Merlin Brendin, CPA, observed a significant increase, even though the total number of employees increased only from 175 to 185. To investigate the difference, he selected a large sam

> The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) found that Centerpulse Ltd., a publicly traded company based in Switzerland, fraudulently misstated its 2002 third and fourth quarter financial statements filed with the SEC. Visit the SEC’s website (www.sec.g

> The following audit procedures are typical of those found in auditing the payroll and personnel cycle: 1. Scan journals for all periods for unusual transactions to determine whether they are recorded correctly. 2. Select a sample of 40 entries in the pay

> The following misstatements are included in the accounting records of Lathen Manufacturing Company: 1. Joe Block and Frank Demery take turns “punching in” for each other every few days. The absent employee comes in at noon and tells his foreman that he h

> Following are some of the tests of controls and substantive tests of transactions procedures often performed in the payroll and personnel cycle. (Each procedure is to be done on a sample basis.) 1. Reconcile the monthly payroll total for direct manufactu

> Items 1 through 8 are selected questions typically found in internal control questionnaires used by auditors to obtain an understanding of internal control in the payroll and personnel cycle. In using the questionnaire for a client, a “yes” response to a

> Explain how audit sampling can be used to test the payroll and personnel cycle.

> List several audit procedures that the auditor can use to determine whether payroll transactions are recorded at the proper amounts.

> Explain what is meant by an imprest payroll account. What is its purpose as a control over payroll?

> Explain why it is common to verify total officers’ compensation even when the tests of controls and substantive tests of transactions results in payroll are excellent. What audit procedures can be used to verify officers’ compensation?

> List five types of authorizations in the payroll and personnel cycle and state the type of misstatement that is likely to occur when each authorization is lacking.

> If an audit client does not have prenumbered checks, what type of misstatement has a greater chance of occurring? Under the circumstances, what audit procedure can the auditor use to compensate for the deficiency?

> Why are liability accounts included in the capital acquisition and repayment cycle audited differently from accounts payable?

> List the supporting documents and records the auditor will examine in a typical payroll audit in which the primary objective is to detect fraud.

> Distinguish among a payroll master file, a W-2 form, and a payroll tax return. Explain the purpose of each.

> Explain the circumstances under which an auditor should perform audit tests primarily designed to uncover fraud in the payroll and personnel cycle. List three audit procedures that are primarily for the detection of fraud and state the type of fraud the

> List several analytical procedures for the payroll and personnel cycle and explain the type of misstatement that might be indicated when there is a significant difference in the comparison of the current year with previous years’ results for each of the

> In auditing payroll withholding and payroll tax expense, explain why emphasis should normally be on evaluating the adequacy of the payroll tax return preparation procedures rather than the payroll tax liability. If the preparation procedures are inadequa

> Distinguish between the following payroll audit procedures and state the purpose of each: (1) Trace a random sample of prenumbered time cards to the related payments in the payroll register and compare the hours worked with the hours paid, (2) Trace a

> Evaluate the following comment by an auditor: “My job is to determine whether the payroll records are fairly stated in accordance with accounting standards, not to find out whether they are following proper hiring and termination procedures. When I condu

> Explain why the percentage of total audit time in the cycle devoted to performing tests of controls and substantive tests of transactions is usually far greater for the payroll and personnel cycle than for the sales and collection cycle.

> List five tests of controls that can be performed for the payroll and personnel cycle and state the purpose of each control tested.

> Explain the relationship between the payroll and personnel cycle and inventory valuation.

> List four examples of interest-bearing liability accounts commonly found in balance sheets. What characteristics do these liabilities have in common? How do they differ?

> What are the similarities and differences in the objectives of the following two procedures? (1) Select a random sample of receiving reports and trace them to related vendors’ invoices and acquisitions journal entries, comparing the vendor’s name, type

> Identify five general ledger accounts that are likely to be affected by the payroll and personnel cycle in most audits.

> Roost and Briley, CPAs, are doing the audit of Leggert Lumber Co., an international wholesale lumber broker. Because of the nature of their business, payroll and telephone expense are the two largest expenses. You are the in-charge auditor on the engagem

> Outsourcing the payroll function can provide many benefits, but there are also risks associated with outsourcing. The IRS (www.irs.gov) provides information on outsourcing payroll duties for employers who outsource the payroll function (search for “payro

> You are doing the audit of the UTE Corporation, for the year ended December 31, 2011. The following schedule for the property, plant, and equipment and related allowance for depreciation accounts has been prepared by the client. You have compared the ope

> Examine the tests of controls and substantive tests of transactions results, including the sampling application, for Ward Publishing Company. Assume that you have already reached several conclusions. 1. Your tests of details of balances for accounts paya

> While you are having lunch with a banker friend, you become involved in explaining to him how your firm conducts a typical audit. Much to your surprise, your friend is interested and is able to converse intelligently in discussing your philosophy of emph


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